The illegal wildlife trade (IWT) reaches far beyond the international conservation agenda, attracting concern because of its links to organised crime and national security. There is no one solution to combatting wildlife crime, but increasingly practitioners and policy makers are recognising the need to engage rural communities that neighbour or live with wildlife as key partners. Our database contains case study summaries of community-level interventions that aim to tackle the illegal wildlife trade, as well as overviews of the national policy context for IWT and community engagement. You can contribute your case studies and help this database become a useful resource for practitioners and policymakers.

Enter your search terms in the box above (e.g. a country or species name), or browse case studies by country using the map below.

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The Balule Rhino Conservation Model has three main components:

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Pafuri Camp is a community-led ecotourism initiative in the northern part of the Kruger National Park.

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Following the end of commercial hunting in the region during the 1970s, local people used firearms purchased from Somali refugees to poach wildlife indiscriminately. By the late 1980s, elephant populations had been significantly reduced and rhinos had disappeared.

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Surveys have shown that when households in the Lwanga Valley are food insecure, more than half of farmers turn to poaching, setting wire snares for wildlife. A small percentage of residents are “professional poachers,” using locally made guns to hunt a variety of species.

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Maasai Wilderness Conservation Trust (MWCT) was established in 2000 by the Maasai of Kuku Group Ranch as a grassroots conservation trust. The trust focuses on the Maasai landscape and the communities of Kenya’s Chyulu Hills, which are set within the Amboseli-Tsavo region of southern Kenya.

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In the early 2000s, local communities living adjacent to the sanctuary began to work in cooperation with the Forest Department to promote co-management of the protected area.

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The project is working specifically with people from the Mogiya caste, a caste that is involved in hunting and collection of ethnobotanical plants from forest areas.

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Rather than introducing a pre-planned scheme of collaborative management between Thung Yai government officials and Karen villagers (whose relationship is one of distrust), this project initiated a learning process directed toward incremental improvement of the status of wildlife - in particularl

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The 'Protecting wildlife by linking communities and conservation in Mozambique' project addresses the impacts of illegal cross border trade of rhino horn upon white and black rhinoceros in Kruger National Park (KNP) in South Africa.

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The project proposes to scale up a new anti-poaching program in the Kyrgyz Republic called Citizen-Ranger Wildlife Protection Program (CRWPP).

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