Overall IWT context:
Poaching and illegal trade of wildlife products is a serious problem in Argentina, not only because of the relatively inexpensive access to a broad variety of wildlife resources but also because of the lack of effective regulations to protect them.
Community involvement policy context:
~~Local people may use wildlife resources (such as hunting, breeding, trading, foraging etc.) when authorisation is given by the state/province in the form of licenses and/or permits. Without authorisation, use of wildlife resources is strictly prohibited. However, when animals threaten human life and/or property the wildlife may be killed if the wildlife constitutes an immediate danger or if measures to drive them away (without harming them) have failed. Any wildlife captured or killed remains the property of the state.
Some indigenous communities have ownership and use over land and wildlife resources, yet the majority of these communities have not received legal recognition of their lands in line with their traditional ways of using and occupying those lands
National policy context for IWT:
Under Argentinian wildlife law (key pieces include the Decree 666/97 on Wildlife Conservation, Law 14,346 on the Abuse and Acts of Cruelty to Animals, National System of Protected Areas Law, National Parks Law and the Defence of Forest Heritage Law as well as various provincial pieces of legislation), there are 4 categories of wildlife crime: (1) hunting offences; (2) trading offences; (3) licencing offences; and (4) damaging offences. Penalties for such offences include confiscation of property, cancellation or suspension of license and/or permits, monetary fines and imprisonment. Offenses and the gravity of their penalties may differ within each province.
Argentina is party to CITES since 1981