Community involvement policy context:
Under Botswanan wildlife legislation, all wildlife belongs to the State
National policy context for IWT:
Botswana is party to CITES, since 1977
Under Botswanan wildlife legislation (key pieces include the Wildlife Conservation and National Parks Act 1992, Wildlife Conservation Policy 1986, and various species specific legislation including for elephant, fish, cheetahs and lions) there are 4 categories of wildlife crime: (1) hunting offences; (2) trading offences; (3) licensing offences; and (4) damaging offences. Penalties for such offences include confiscation of property, revocation/suspension of licenses, monetary fines ranging from P500 to P100,000 and terms of imprisonment from 6 months to 15 years. The most serious offences under Botswana’s wildlife legislation are hunting and trading offences (against rhinoceros and in rhinoceros’ products), which carry a penalty of up to 15 years’ imprisonment and monetary fines up to P100,000 and trading offences (in elephant products) which carry a penalty of up to P100,000 and a prison sentence of up to 10 years.