Chile

Overall IWT context: 

Key spp/taxa in illegal trade include birds, monkeys, vicuna, timber. ~~Cross border illegal traffickingpersists and Chile acts as a conduit for illegal trafficking in animals from other South American countries. 

Community involvement policy context: 

Under Chilean law, wildlife belongs to the state, but hunting rights on private land remain reserved to their owners. Hunting is allowed only on a person’s own land, or on other’s land with the permission of the owner. Indigenous communities have ownership over ancestral lands where they may use natural resources for their livelihoods and subsistence.

National policy context for IWT: 

Key pieces of legislation include Environmental Law 19,300, Forest Law Decree 70,174, Hunting Law and Native Forest Law), there are 4 categories of wildlife crime: (1) hunting offences; (2) trading offences; (3) licencing offences; and (4) damaging offences. Penalties for such offences include revocation/suspension of licenses/permits, monetary fines (unspecified) and imprisonment (unspecified).

Vicuña are endangered camelids – listed on CITES Appendix II and I – whose ranges cover the Andean countries of South America. Poaching levels have dropped dramatically following coordinated trade regulations and the rise in local management initiatives.

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Species of focus: 

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