Peru

Community involvement policy context: 

In Peru all wildlife belongs to the state. Peru’s native communities and farmers are allowed to benefit from wildlife for subsistence or ritual purposes in their lands and adjacent areas but their entitlement cannot prevail over third parties’ competing rights, and thus is terminated when the government assigns the resource to any other entity.  Forest lands are classified as public forests, Indigenous forests or private forests. Indigenous communities own an estimated 12.6 million hectares of the country’s forests and nearly 1200 Indigenous communities possess rights in the Peruvian Amazon whereby they may use the wildlife resources for their livelihoods and subsistence. However, there is uncertainty over this ownership.

National policy context for IWT: 

Peru has been party to CITES since 1975

Vicuña are endangered camelids – listed on CITES Appendix II and I – whose ranges cover the Andean countries of South America. Poaching levels have dropped dramatically following coordinated trade regulations and the rise in local management initiatives.

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