A number of factors determine the long-term sustainability of Pafuri Camp. The social dimension of the work, and close ties with resident communities, has been crucial thus far. Employment, on-the-job training, bursaries for higher education and vocational training, loans for small business development, and investments into community infrastructure and social services (health clinics, schools, etc.) all help to foster social capital and community cohesion. Ensuring that benefits continue to flow directly to the community is essential to ensuring the long-term viability of the Pafuri Camp model.
Institutionally, the group needs to maintain close ties and healthy working relationships with national government authorities and bodies. This support has been and will remain critical.
Financially, the initiative is proving sustainable with revenues on the rise and high rates of reinvestment into the community. After a slow start in 2005, occupancy rates at Pafuri Camp have increased and allowed the business to pass the break-even point. The business has been operating at a profit since 2008. The project’s capacity to sustain, enhance, and expand environmental benefits depends largely on the commercial viability of the ecotourism operation. As revenues increase from Pafuri Camp, the environmental protection afforded through the Makuleke concession will be more secure. Should the ecotourism business begin to struggle, the Makuleke people, as land owners, will look for alternative ways of making the land pay off.