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Following the end of commercial hunting in the region during the 1970s, local people used firearms purchased from Somali refugees to poach wildlife indiscriminately. By the late 1980s, elephant populations had been significantly reduced and rhinos had disappeared.
Surveys have shown that when households in the Lwanga Valley are food insecure, more than half of farmers turn to poaching, setting wire snares for wildlife. A small percentage of residents are “professional poachers,” using locally made guns to hunt a variety of species.
The 'Protecting wildlife by linking communities and conservation in Mozambique' project addresses the impacts of illegal cross border trade of rhino horn upon white and black rhinoceros in Kruger National Park (KNP) in South Africa.
The central aim of this Darwin Initiative funded project (from 2007-2010) was to re-establish effective capacity, systems and motivation for the conservation of the endangered one horned Asian rhinoceros and associated Terai grassland habitat in Nepal. The attention to the community was focused o
The Buffer Zone concept was promulgated by the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation in Nepal in 1993 for certain protected areas to encourage the local communities to be more reliant on economic activities within such a zone rather than illegally exploiting the resources inside
In 2005 the innovative Rhino Custodianship Programme established by Namibia’s Ministry of Environment and Tourism spearheaded a large-scale initiative to achieve biological management and rural development goals by restoring the black rhinoceros to its historical rangelands, while meeting an emer
The Khama Rhino Sanctuary Trust (KRST) is one Community-Based Organisation (CBO) of many in Botswana. It was set up to promote rural development in the country by involving communities in tourism and conservation activities.
In response to the escalating threat from poachers, communities in Namibia’s north western region are themselves the catalyst in an initiative to strengthen their commitment and capacity to protect the last truly wild population of Black Rhino.